However, it has remains uncertain whether the trend reflects an actual increase in incidents, or an increase in reporting due to greater awareness amongst staff.
General recognition of the existence of aged care sexual assault survivors has been slow, though within recent years there has been attempts to bring the issue into our living rooms, with headlines in the media, issues discussed in political conversations, and the inclusion of this demographic in family, domestic and sexual violence awareness campaigns, Inquiries and Royal Commissions.
However, despite this, we lack a meaningful awareness of older survivors – that is an awareness that generates both understanding and change in practice.
There are many barriers to detecting sexual violence in aged care, including the presence of cognitive impairments which can hinder the detection and disclosure of incidents and ageist attitudes that contribute to incidents being ignored or minimised.
The Health Law & Ageing Research Unit at Monash University, sought to better understand aged care nurses’ perception of unwanted sexual behaviour (USB) in residential aged care services (RACS).
This is a dramatic underestimate by a factor of ten when compared to the current government and regulator’s actual annual national prevalence rates.
This data which reveals that sexual assault is far more prevalent than with at least 2250 sexual assault incidents occurring in Australian aged care services annually.
Those surveyed also had limited experience of being informed of an incident, reporting, and witnessing an incident of USB.
Whilst none of the respondents reported a staff-to-resident incidents of USB in the past 12 months. Perhaps even more concerning is that few knew if their facility had reported incidents to the Aged Care Quality and Safety Commission (the regulator) and/or police in the past 12 months.
Barriers to reporting incidents that were identified included: a lack of reporting procedures training, lack of knowledge to determine what constitutes USB, unclear reporting procedures, disbelief that RACS will take constructive action, and feeling unable to discuss incidents with their manager/supervisors.
The level of sexual violence in aged care is underestimated with a substantial gap in aged care staff’s awareness.
This must be addressed if we are to prevent sexual violence in aged care. Strategies to raise awareness must be accompanied by initiatives to provide care staff with services and resources which support behaviour change.
Written by Daisy Smith, Meg Wright and Joseph Ibrahim – Monash University
Research article available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ajag.13014